Virus deaths surge past 13,000 as one billion confined to homes

BSS : Nearly one billion people around the
world were confined to their homes on Sunday, as the coronavirus death toll
crossed 13,000 and factories were shut in worst-hit Italy after another
single-day fatalities record.

The raging pandemic has forced lockdowns in 35 countries across the globe,
disrupting lives, travel and businesses as governments scramble to shut
borders and unleash hundreds of billions in emergency measures to avoid a
widespread virus-fuelled economic meltdown.

More than 300,000 infections have been confirmed worldwide, with the
situation increasingly grim in Italy where the death toll spiked to more than
4,800 — over a third of the global total.

Prime Minister Guiseppe Conte announced a closure of all non-essential
factories in a late-night TV address on Saturday.

The Mediterranean nation of 60 million is now the epicentre of the
disease, which first emerged in central China late last year before marching
out to the rest of the world.

Italy has now reported more deaths than mainland China and third-placed
Iran combined, and it has a death rate of 8.6 percent among confirmed COVID-
19 infections — significantly higher than in most other countries.

Across the Atlantic, more than a third of Americans were adjusting to life
in various phases of lockdown, including in New York, Chicago and Los Angeles
— the three biggest US cities. Other parts of the United States are expected
to ramp up restrictions as well.

“This is a time of shared national sacrifice, but also a time to treasure
our loved ones,” US President Donald Trump said. “We’re going to have a great
victory.”

As world leaders have vowed to fight the pandemic, the number of deaths
and infections has continued to rise, especially in Europe — the main global
hotspot.

Spain reported a 32 percent spike in new deaths on Saturday, and Prime
Minister Pedro Sanchez warned in a TV address that the nation needs to
prepare for “very hard days ahead”. Fatalities in France jumped to 562 as
police officials said helicopters and drones were being deployed to boost the
government’s attempts to keep people in their homes.

The unprecedented measures to counter the spread of COVID-19 have shredded
the international sports calendar, and pressure is mounting on Olympic
organisers to postpone the 2020 Tokyo Games.

– ‘Months, not weeks’ –

The pandemic has bludgeoned global stock markets, and the United States —
the world’s biggest economy — is preparing a huge emergency stimulus package
that could top $1 trillion.

Millions have been ordered to stay home in the United States.

New Jersey on Saturday followed several states in telling residents to
stay indoors. Governor Phil Murphy ordered all non-essential businesses to
close their physical stores from 9:00 PM (0100 GMT Sunday).

And in neighbouring New York, Governor Andrew Cuomo warned that the
disruption is likely to last for months, not weeks.

“I don’t think it’s possible in a city of this size for people to maintain
it for much longer than three weeks before they start losing it,” Yona Corn,
a 35-year-old singer, told AFP.

“I think there’s going to be a big mental health crisis. I worry about
what’s going to happen to people.”

Congress members are hoping to agree on a $1 trillion emergency aid
package as fears grow about the economic fallout from the crisis.

The US Food and Drug Administration also approved the first coronavirus
test that can be conducted entirely at the point of care for a patient — and
deliver results in 45 minutes. Vice President Mike Pence and his wife tested
negative for the coronavirus, his press secretary tweeted Saturday. The
couple had taken the test after one of Pence’s staffers contracted the
illness.

– India ‘curfew’ –

The drastic confinement measures follow the example of China, where the
lockdown of Hubei province appears to have paid off. Wuhan, Hubei’s capital,
is where the virus was first detected.

China reported its first local infection in four days on Sunday. While the
number of cases in the mainland has slumped dramatically since the crisis
began, there are fears of “imported” cases from other hotspots like Europe.

France, Italy, Spain and other European countries have ordered people to
stay at home, threatening fines in some cases, while Australia on Sunday told
citizens to cancel domestic travel plans.

Britain has told pubs, restaurants and theatres to close and warned
citizens to stop panic-buying.

And India went into lockdown on Sunday with a one-day nationwide “self-
imposed curfew”.

While the elderly and those with pre-existing medical conditions are the
hardest hit by the virus, the WHO has warned that young people are also
vulnerable.

Accurate COVID-19 figures are difficult to reach because many of the
victims suffered from other illnesses, and infection rates are uncertain
because of a lack of testing in many countries.

The coronavirus has infected more than 1,000 across Africa too, where
healthcare systems are limited and social distancing measures — like the
ones being adopted in North America and Europe — are difficult in crowded
cities.

The Middle East also remains on high alert, where Iran — which suffered a
major outbreak — reporting 123 new deaths on Saturday. But the Islamic
Republic has refused to join the rest of the world in imposing heavy
restrictions.

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